This essay was written by a student in Theodore Gracyk's Philosophy course during fall semesterand it is posted here with her permission. Moreover, people think that good men and friends are the same thing.
Virtue is a character trait, and character traits are part of an individual. Between man and wife friendship seems to exist by nature; for man is naturally inclined to form couples-even more than to form cities, inasmuch as the household is earlier and more necessary than the city, and reproduction is more common to man with the animals.
Plato writes in dialogue, where his own voice is hidden and requires some work to unearth if this is possible at all. In addition to phronesis, which governs doing, there is the virtue of techne "craft" or "art" which governs making.
Young people are amorous too; for the greater part of the friendship of love depends on emotion and aims at pleasure; this is why they fall in love and quickly fall out of love, changing often within a single day.
There are three varieties or species of friendship corresponding to the good, pleasant and useful. What types of people make good friends? Virtue is a disposition concerned with choice.
This becomes clear if there is a great interval in respect of virtue or vice or wealth or anything else between the parties; for then they are no longer friends, and do not even expect to be so.
In these relationships, a different kind of love is called for from each party, and the amount of love should be proportional to the merit of each person. Political associations are formed for the advantages they bring to their members.
Aristotle teaches the complementarity of man and woman. They come to be closer together or farther apart by virtue of the nearness or distance of the original ancestor.
Tyrannical too is the rule of a master over slaves; for it is the advantage of the master that is brought about in it. In the example, the drunken person acted on the desire to drive and created an unfavorable situation.
So, friendship in the truest sense is only between good men. Jelf, William Edward Oxford: Democracy is the least bad of the deviations; for in its case the form of constitution is but a slight deviation.
Young people, largely, are guided by their emotions and they pursue, above all, that which is pleasurable or that which is expedient. And the friendship between young lovers typically is a friendship based upon pleasure.
Aristotle, on the other hand, writes in "essay" form and is clearly the author and speaker in his texts.Aristotle specifically mentions the life of gratification (pleasure, comfort, etc), the life of money-making, the life of (political) action, and the philosophical life, i.e., the life of contemplation or study.
Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, part of the Internet Classics Archive In all friendships between dissimilars it is, as we have said, proportion that equalizes the parties and preserves the friendship; of another type than that which is a matter of reproach.
Forum: Independent Study on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Indiana University, Director: Dr. Michael Morgan, Ancient Philosophy This piece is the second of a set of three papers written for an independent study undertaken during the author's second year in graduate school.
Stock, St. George Lectures in the Lyceum, or: Aristotle’s Ethics for English Readers Longmans, Green, & Co., [Google Books, my copy] — Stock paraphrases books one through five of the Nicomachean Ethics as a transcript of Aristotle teaching (and fielding questions from) his students.
This makes for an easier read than those translations. There are three kinds of friendship. The first is friendship based on utility, where both people derive some benefit from each other.
The second is friendship based on pleasure, where both people are drawn to the other’s wit, good looks, or other pleasant qualities.
In B9 C Aristotle starts an analysis of the internal structure of friendship. Specifically, he is interested in the relation of the self to itself through the friend. Specifically, he is interested in the relation of the self to itself through the friend.Download